Study: Bear Markets Don’t Start When Real Interest Rates Are This Low

Troy Bombardia |

The biggest fear among bearish investors is that “the Fed hiking interest rates will kill the economy and stock market”. But here’s the mistake they’re making.

Interest rates don’t matter. REAL (inflation-adjusted) interest rates are what matters. Real interest rates are still low right now.

This chart demonstrates the real, inflation-adjusted 10 year yield. It subtracts year-over-year Core CPI growth from the 10 year Treasury yield.

The real 10 year yield is still historically low at 0.74%.

As you can see, historical bear markets don’t usually start when real interest rates are this low. Rates need to go much higher before a bear market can start.

Bear markets don’t start when real interest rates are so low

Here are the 4 historical bull market tops since 1950

October 2007

This bull market ended when the real 10 year yield was at 2.4%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

March 2000

This bull market ended when the real 10 year yield was at 3.8%. It’s currently at 0.7%

January 1973

This bull market ended when the real 10 year yield was at 3.9%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

December 1968

This bull market ended when the real 10 year yield was at 0.9%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

Notice how this historical real 10 year yield isn’t much higher than the current real 10 year yield . But this historical case doesn’t apply to today. The non-adjusted 10 year yield and core inflation were both much higher in 1968 than they are today.



  1. Core inflation was at 5.1% (vs 2.1% today).
  2. The 10 year Treasury yield was at 6% (vs. 3% today).

Recession-induced “significant corrections” don’t start when real interest rates are so low

Not all “significant corrections” are caused by recessions, but the ones that are usually don’t start when inflation-adjusted rates are so low.

July 1990

The S&P 500’s “significant correction” started when the inflation-adjusted 10 year yield was at 3.3%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

February 1980

This “significant correction” started when the real 10 year yield was at 0.2%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

This historical case doesn’t apply to today. The non-adjusted 10 year yield and core inflation were both much higher in February 1980 than they are today.

  1. Core inflation was at 12% (vs 2.1% today).
  2. The 10 year Treasury yield was at 11.8% (vs. 3% today).

December 1980

This “significant correction” started when the real 10 year yield was at 0.7%. It’s currently at 0.7%.

On the surface it seems like these 2 cases are very similar. They aren’t. The non-adjusted 10 year yield and core inflation were both much higher in December 1980 than they are today.

  1. Core inflation was at 12.1% (vs 2.1% today).
  2. The 10 year Treasury yield was at 13.1% (vs. 3% today).

Conclusion

The Federal Reserve needs to hike interest rates much more before this bull market can end. Rates are not “high enough” to hurt the economy and stock market right now. I think it will take another year or two of rate hikes before interest rates will start to hurt the economy and stock market.

This post originally appeared on my blog Bull Markets.

DISCLOSURE: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors, and do not represent the views of equities.com. Readers should not consider statements made by the author as formal recommendations and should consult their financial advisor before making any investment decisions. To read our full disclosure, please go to: http://www.equities.com/disclaimer

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