Globalization is a rising tide that lifts all boats.
In an increasingly connected world, countries are engaging with global markets more than ever before. As a result, global wealth is shifting towards emerging markets. This megatrend—a global trend with sustained impacts—is profoundly influencing everyday life, society and business.
Shifting Economic Power
Today’s infographic from iShares by BlackRock explains how emerging markets are classified, along with which countries are growing the fastest—and how investors can follow the money.
What Is An Emerging Market?
Every economy goes through five distinct stages of growth:
- Traditional Society: Based on primary industries, such as subsistence farming.
- The Pre-Conditions of Take-off: Spread of technology creates a more productive agricultural economy.
- Take-off: Industrialization begins, and technological breakthroughs occur.
- Drive to Maturity: More complex manufacturing, and large-scale infrastructure investment takes place.
- Age of Mass Consumption: Urban society and a tertiary industry dominate, as disposable income grows.
Emerging markets fall into the transitory stages between ‘Take-off’ and ‘Drive to maturity’ as their economies modernize. Today, such countries offer lots of promise, but also come with a range of challenges:
- Pro: Greater return potential, growing middle class, increasing consumption
- Risk: Political instability, lack of infrastructure, lack of market access
Between 2000–2018, emerging markets’ share of global wealth has more than doubled from 10% to 24%. China is a major player in this transformation.
China’s Economic Might
China’s impressive trajectory from agricultural economy to global superpower cannot be ignored. The nation is on track to overtake the U.S. in terms of gross domestic product (GDP, nominal) by the year 2030.
China’s enormous growth has a ripple effect on its GDP composition. A more affluent middle class is buying higher-priced discretionary goods—such as cars and electronics—boosting the country’s domestic consumption.
Investors must keep an eye out for other emerging markets that are emulating China’s example.
One Piece Of the Puzzle
China is just one case study—several other economies are also making strides on the world stage. Each country brings unique advantages, but also barriers to overcome.
Source: Global Finance Magazine
With these major emerging markets in mind, how can investors tap into the global wealth shift?
Where Are the Opportunities?
There are several avenues for an investor to play into this megatrend: structural solutions, consumer goods, and international investment.
Emerging markets are increasingly gaining access to technology. Growth in connectivity is closely linked with improved productivity, and many countries are ripe for a surge in online users.
However, much can still be done to speed up technological adoption, such as boosting 3G/4G network volume and coverage, and lowering the cost of data and smartphones to be more economical.
By helping solve some of these structural constraints through technological innovation, investors can tap into the economic growth of emerging markets.
As disposable income increases, a sizable middle class will seek out products that elevate the quality of life. In India, domestic consumption is estimated to hit $6 trillion by 2023—four times its 2018 level.
The region’s spending will likely be propelled by higher-priced goods, as well as a wider variety of choices across food, transport, and fitness categories.
Global brands that plan to expand into emerging markets, or companies with a proven track record in these areas, are potential winners for investment.
Last but not least, investors can identify local winners in emerging wealth markets, through active or passive investing.
An active investment strategy would be to directly buy into individual company stocks, listed on a country’s stock exchange. Meanwhile, a passive investing strategy would be to seek out exchange-traded funds (ETFs) covering specific markets, and/or sectors within emerging markets. Many of these are also listed on major exchanges.
Diversifying either or both strategies across two or more countries can help mitigate risk. Investors can also choose index funds that broadly encompass all emerging markets.
As countries climb the economic ladder, the emerging wealth shift continues to gain momentum. By staying attuned to these macro changes, investors may unlock long-term growth from emerging markets.
Equities Contributor: Visual Capitalist
Source: Equities News