Sixteen-year-old Lauren Giraldo has 2.8 million followers on her Vine account. Her fans love the six-second videos she posts on Vine, which show what she describes in her profile as “my random life.” The latest clips include her trip to Europe, dancing in a wired cloak, and attending concerts. Whether you like it or not, she has 2.8 million people following these abrupt snippets of her life. The account started as a hobby for her, but she now makes about $2,000 per sponsored vine by simply clicking on the "re-vine" button to share her sponsor's video.
With social media's penetration into people's daily life, brands and advertisers are seeking new platforms to reach their target audiences beyond television and magazine. Kids like Lauren Giraldo with their huge numbers of followers are a great medium to promote a product. Vine, as a simple video-sharing platform, is everything advertisers want.
Many "vinelebrities" aren’t making big money from their accounts, but making a living as a full-time video creator on Vine is more a possibility today than ever before. And it’s a sign of the platform’s growing popularity.
Facebook vs Twitter
The easiest comparison to Vine is Instagram, Facebook’s photo-sharing service. Instagam stepped into Vine's territory in December 2012 by launching similar video functionality with a 15-second length. Facebook also operates a separate Facebook Messenger service, and acquired another industry leader, WhatsApp Inc., for $19 billion in February 2014.
But how do Vine and Instagram differ? Are they really in direct competition with each other?
Instagram May Have More to Offer
In terms of functionality, the biggest difference is that Instagram can share videos that are 15 seconds in length as compared to Vine’s six seconds. Instagram also retains many of its photo-sharing options for this new video-sharing functionality, such as filters, importing videos, image stabilization, save to camera roll, and so on. Vine, meanwhile, could not be simpler, with only a "save to camera roll" option.
Instagram users can share posts to Facebook, Twitter, Tumblr, Flickr, email, foursquare, etc., but Vine's sharing platform is limited to Facebook and Twitter. This could be a reason that brands on Twitter refer to Instagram more than Vine. In a study looking at how often brands posted on Twitter using Instagram or Vine between November 2013 and February 2014, the statistics shows there are 4 times as many brand accounts using Instagram to advertise than Vine.
Twitter's Weapon for Its Long-term Valuation
After Instagram's short video service debuted last year, the company now offers two forms of content sharing. Vine still offers its signature 6-second videos, which, one could argue, is no longer as big a draw.
However, on June 7, 2013, four days after Android released a new version of Vine, Vine reached the milestone of having more vines shared on Twitter than were Instagram pictures and videos combined. The user base is still growing, and, with its monetization trend, Vine could be Twitter's best weapon for holding its valuation in the long term.
A Reason for Simplicity
As simple it is, Vine seems more interested in giving creators a platform to make more interesting and creative moving imagery. In particular, content that is more "idea oriented.” The 6-second length can be viewed as a challenge, but it can also push users to squeeze only the most useful and important information into the video. In comparison, Instagram’s user base is more likely to document the details of their life no matter how seemingly trivial. The most-shared posts typically revolve around coffee, pets, family party, feet, hands, selfies, and other aspects of users’ daily lives.
Despite having fewer features than Instagram’s new service, Vine's looping and embeddable function makes it easier to embed content to other websites, circumventing the limitations on sharable platforms to some degree.
Six seconds, looping, idea-oriented: these features are what advertisers are looking for. It mimics the powerful technique of sound-bite advertising, which is characterized by repeating a short phrase or sentence that captures the essence of a certain topic.
Vine, to some extent, achieves that effect. Instagram users upload pictures more than videos, and many users don't watch videos on Instagram because they tend to take up more memory. Vine videos are very small — usually taking up only bytes. Without so many filters, playing in a loop, users might watch the GIF-like video multiple times, something marketers crave.
Vine May Be The Next YouTube
People often compare Vine to Instagram because they both offer short video sharing platforms. But in essence Vine is more like YouTube (GOOG), a platform to share creative video content. The comparison is somewhat ridiculous, though, because there’s no way to put Vine’s 40 million active users into the same context as YouTube’s 1 billion active users per month.
Vine’s growth, though, is unlikely to shrink YouTube’s market. The median length of YouTube video is about 2 minutes and 1 second, according to Pew Research. Compared to Vine’s 6 second, it asks for people to watch for longer time, and many people use YouTube to watch movie trailers, tutorials, and so on. Vine users, in comparison, are more likely seeking quick inspiration or byte-sized creativity.
Three Major Players, Each With Their Own Entry Into the Market
YouTube’s parent company Google Inc. (GOOG) owns a $380.83 billion market value. For the other two, Vine’s parent company Twitter, Inc. (TWTR) has a $22.70 billion market cap and Instagram’s parent Facebook Inc. (FB) has $168.66 billion market cap.
Compared to Instagram and YouTube’s patrons, Twitter seems to lack deep pockets. Twitter’s shares have slipped this year after the company posted slowing user growth, fell under $40 a share and officially plunged to a record low $30.50 per share in May. But its stock performance now begins to turnaround since the end of May, and now reach to $40 again.
As such, the long-term success of Vine could be crucially important as Twitter attempts to carve out its existence in the young social media industry. With two titans already on the scene with plenty of competing products, Twitter’s going to need an app like Vine to keep up.
Is Vine The App for A New Age of Advertising?
Founded in 2005, YouTube grew slowly to today’s $26 billion market value. Its growth, though, was somewhat limited by the low percent of households that owned a camera phone in the early days of its existence. That percentage grew from 2005’s 25.9 percent to 61.0 percent in 2009.
Vine is now in its early stages of growth, but based on the speed at which the number of households with computers, tablets, or smartphones that can film videos is growing, Vine could reach YouTube’s scale much faster than YouTube did. With the now-rapid pace of adoption in the digitalization era, Vine was born in a good age.
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