--Fines for spills into state streams and groundwater must be based on how long the initial release lasts and not the days that pollution lingers, Pennsylvania's Commonwealth Court ruled today in a decision that upends state environmental regulators' longstanding practice for calculating penalties.
A three-judge panel sided with Downtown-based EQT Corp. and rejected the state Department of Environmental Protection's contention that environmental fines should continue to mount when pollution remains in water or moves from one area of water to another after an active leak is plugged.
DEP's interpretation of the state Clean Streams Law "would result in potentially limitless continuing violations" for a single spill as long as any remnants of the pollution stays in state waters or until state-approved remediation was completed, Judge P. Kevin Brobson wrote for the court.
"To rule otherwise would be tantamount to punishing a polluter indefinitely, or at least for as long as the initially-released industrial waste remains in the waters of the Commonwealth, for the same violation," he wrote.
The ruling relates to one part of the Clean Streams Law, section 301, which applies to releases of industrial waste.
Judge Brobson wrote that the decision "does not mean that there are no consequences for leaving industrial waste in the waters of the Commonwealth following a release" because the law allows DEP to take legal action to stop violations and gives the agency authority to revoke permits or halt operations.
EQT brought the case to contest DEP's proposed fines for a breached liner in a 6-million-gallon wastewater holding pit at a
DEP has suggested a penalty of at least $4.5 million for the leak, which the agency said in legal filings was the worst that its oil and gas program has experienced; polluted high quality streams, an exceptional value wetland and an expansive area of groundwater; and triggered an unprecedented $11 million cleanup.
EQT says that the leak was caused by a third-party contractor and its environmental effects were minimal. The company is cleaning up the surrounding area and groundwater based on state standards.
The state Environmental Hearing Board is currently deciding how much to fine EQT for the leak and the Commonwealth Court's decision will sharply narrow the scope of the possible fine.
In , DEP calculated the maximum possible penalty under its now-rejected interpretation of the Clean Streams Law would be $157 million for each of three violations that continued for more than 1,500 days.
Under the Commonwealth Court ruling, the company can only be penalized for the days that wastewater seeped from holes in the pit before it was emptied, which could be as few as 12 days or as many as 42 days, depending on who is counting.
Laura Legere: email@example.com.
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