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Too Big to Fail: The Current Status of Major Government Bailouts

By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM
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The financial crisis of 2008 and 2009 sent the American economy into complete free fall. Mortgage providers, investment banks, automakers, and other businesses nationwide were on the cusp of total collapse, and fears of a second Great Depression mounted on a daily basis.

However, the government stepped in with a number of enormous, unprecedented, and controversial bailout packages to help rescue the economy. Here’s the current status of each one.

American International Group (AIG)

Bailout: $85 billion at 14.5 percent interest

Recovered: $107.7 billion

Net Result: $22.7 billion profit

Background: AIG received its first bailout funds in September of 2008 after the insurance giant became crippled by mortgage-related securities, particularly credit default swaps (CDS). The insurance giant had sold a huge portion of CDS, which generated huge losses for AIG when the housing market went bust.

In August 2009, the company hired a new CEO in Robert Benmosche, who has since gotten the company back on its feet. AIG began repaying its bailout funds in 2010, restructured its bailout in 2011, and became fully independent of government ownership in December 2012.

TARP Bank Bailouts

Bailout: $245.1 billion

Recovered: $271 billion

Net result: $25.9 billion profit

As part of the government’s Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), the government dispersed almost $250 billion to a plethora of major American banks, according to the Treasury website. Some major banks, such as Bank of America (BAC) and Citigroup (C), desperately need the money to stay solvent. Other banks like JPMorgan Chase (JPM) took bailout funds by force to strengthen the credit market.

While the Treasury claims a $25 billion profit on the bank bailouts, this figure is widely disputed. Some banks still haven’t paid back TARP funds, and because the financial landscape was an absolute mess during the Great Recession, the specifics of TARP funds remain convoluted.

Automakers

  • Ford (F)

Bailout: $5.9 billion loan

Recovered: $400 million

Expected Result: Loan paid back by 2022

Background: Ford CEO Alan Mulally famously avoided government bailout money by selling off struggling brands like Mercury, Volvo, and Land Rover. The company also upgraded its existing models with nicer interiors, sharper design, more horsepower, and better fuel economy, which has allowed Ford to emerge as one of the world’s best-selling automakers.

Ford, however, was forced to take a $5.9 billion in June 2009 to upgrade its factories and develop its hybrid and electric models, part of the same loan package given to Tesla Motors (TSLA). While the loan was not classified as a bailout, its timing was designed to ensure Ford remained on strong footing in case the economy took a turn for the worse.

  • General Motors (GM)

Bailout: $49.5 billion

Recovered: $32.5 billion

Expected Result: $10 billion loss

Background: On the verge of total collapse, General Motors received an infamous $49.5 billion bailout in early 2009. The company then filed for Chapter 11 and underwent enormous restructuring. When the company finally got back in its feet in 2010, GM returned to public markets and raised $20.1 billion in its IPO, the largest in history.

Although GM is back in business and fully profitable, the company’s success story is overshadowed by the fact that the government has a loss on the bailout. According to the LA Times, the government still owns around 189 million share of GM that it intends to sell, and based on the current share price, the government will recover $10 billion less than it paid.

Bailout: $12.5 billion

Recovered: $11.2 billion

Net Result: $1.3 billion loss

Background: Chrysler, like GM, was on the verge of bankruptcy and even threatened to permanently shut down production without government intervention. The Bush administration responded with a $12.5 billion bailout package, allowing the company to stay in business, become more efficient, and develop its line of vehicles. According to CNN, the government sold the last of its Chrysler stake in 2011 to the tune of a $1.3 billion loss.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

Bailout: Government makes $200 billion investment, takes charge of $5 trillion in loans

Recovered: Unknown

Net Result: Outcome Pending

Background: The September 2008 takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, America’s largest mortgage providers, was one of the boldest government-sponsored financial decisions in history. With Fannie and Freddie were losing billions of dollars per month and the U.S. credit market on the verge of total destruction, the government decided to take over the two government sponsored enterprises (GSE) in hopes of keeping the U.S. credit market at least somewhat in tact. 

A recent report from Equities.com claims that Fannie and Freddie have become wildly profitable in recent years, earning $17 billion and $11 billion in 2012 profit, respectively. While the two enterprises are profitable and have dispersed over $81 billion in dividends to the government, the net result of the investment is unknown.

DISCLOSURE: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors, and do not represent the views of equities.com. Readers should not consider statements made by the author as formal recommendations and should consult their financial advisor before making any investment decisions.


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Results for F
Dan
31 Oct 14 14:43:19
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
4-traders.com
31 Oct 14 14:35:03
U.S. October auto sales seen rising 6 percent - Reuters poll http://t.co/jMLEj1jsFg $000270 $F $AN $005380 $7267 $7201 $7203 $GM $BLUE $FCAU
Ford Warranty Guy
31 Oct 14 14:17:09
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Selling_Options
31 Oct 14 14:09:03
Summary of open trades - So far in the money $AMZN $CAT $COH $CR $F $FB $PSMT $PCLN $SBUX $TSLA $FEYE $BIDU $PNRA $CSCO Losing - $P $MCD $V
HOVA
31 Oct 14 14:07:30
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Interactive Brokers
31 Oct 14 13:45:08
#IBTI Macro - MNI US DataWatch http://t.co/g0BTc9mvvH $SPY $TLT $DIA $IWM $F $GM
Stockaholics
31 Oct 14 13:44:50
Our Penny Stock Alerts Gained 250% In 2 days, So far! Big News: http://t.co/bMKiKj7wmb $F $SIRI $FB
Bret Kenwell
31 Oct 14 13:32:46
'Fast Money' Recap: A Strong Finish for October but Rally Not Done http://t.co/MtQ8GhStVx via @TheStreet $BAC $SPY $C $DIA $QQQ $TLT $XLF $F
lookn4wins
31 Oct 14 13:26:34
$JNUG % Change Click Here: http://t.co/8FZbbtkGBT Also See: $F $BBH $MNST $EBAY ~
Freeeeee Em!!!
31 Oct 14 12:53:16
RT @IGotMyM: $F https://t.co/dCcCQRYkFG
Future Tech Investor
31 Oct 14 12:38:10
$MXWL surging again. New HOD $TSLA $KNDI $F $GM $YY $X $LMT $FSLR $NUE $TLM $GPRO $NRG $YOD $MOBI $ONVO $NVAX $FTR $LNG $GRPN $HPJ $BAC $AAL
Future Tech Investor
31 Oct 14 12:36:30
$AIV chart $TSLA $KNDI $F $GM $YY $X $LMT $FSLR $NUE $TLM $GPRO $NRG $YOD $MOBI $ONVO $NVAX $FTR $LNG $HPJ $BAC $AAL http://t.co/yRfAi4Sqid
BUZZ Just-In
31 Oct 14 12:32:31
Track trending assets in 1 watchlist $PCLN $F $GS $SPX $Nasdaq http://t.co/00vVDZW12Y
Ratherberich_60
31 Oct 14 12:31:04
RT @IGotMyM: $F https://t.co/dCcCQRYkFG
Media Sentiment
31 Oct 14 12:24:08
$F received a new alert. Find out why at http://t.co/5udYd0Ofs6 #stocks #daytrading #trading #mkt #NYSE #NASDAQ #markets 444
Quantpost Cnsmr Good
31 Oct 14 12:22:24
$F News: "Online signs of strong demand for 2015 F-150 $F …" http://t.co/nIswJiyte9 Board view: https://t.co/6vPBB66c8a
MarketCurrents
31 Oct 14 12:22:18
Online signs of strong demand for 2015 F-150 http://t.co/UYRjH92PEW $F
IH News Desk
31 Oct 14 12:22:06
$ITB Stock Message Board Click Here: http://t.co/MqHSYpLCEY Also See: $KO $TAN $VMW $F ~
BlockTradeAlert
31 Oct 14 12:20:10
BLOCK TRADE: $F 1,275,200 shares @ $14.12 [15:20:09]
The Hazy Company
31 Oct 14 12:18:42
RT @Darnelethagreat: DreamTeam, SoulGrind, THC, NYLA, $F nigga
AMIR THE GOD SON
31 Oct 14 12:14:18
IM A $F KING #SANFRANCISCOGIANTSWORLDSERIESCHAMPIONS http://t.co/9AqyLGPkxQ
M. Elmore
31 Oct 14 12:10:52
Liking $F Dec 20th 15 Calls $0.17. Ford reports "sales report" (not earnings) on Nov. 3rd. http://t.co/Xxa9DxeZoK
4-traders.com
31 Oct 14 12:10:03
Ford Motor : UAW-Ford kick off month-long breast cancer awareness events http://t.co/lVYZiEEdHL $F
Yu Zhu
31 Oct 14 11:34:48
RT @InvestorWisdom: $MXWL HOD. $TSLA deal/buyout potential $TSLA $KNDI $F $GM $YY $X $LMT $FSLR $NUE $TLM $GPRO $NRG $YOD $MOBI $ONVO $NVAX…
Stockaholics
31 Oct 14 11:32:15
Our Penny Stock Newsletter Alert On MGON Closed up 112.5% Today! Major News: http://t.co/dvxYQnSJab $F $SIRI $FB
Future Tech Investor
31 Oct 14 11:24:07
$MXWL HOD. $TSLA deal/buyout potential $TSLA $KNDI $F $GM $YY $X $LMT $FSLR $NUE $TLM $GPRO $NRG $YOD $MOBI $ONVO $NVAX $FTR $LNG $GRPN $HPJ
Jason Stamer
31 Oct 14 11:12:21
$F 17-Jan-15 16/17 Call Spread 0.08 bid ~3500x NBBO .06-.08
Kevin B. Bantz
31 Oct 14 10:54:12
@Winketty I forgot after oil peaked '80 the $F ESCORT became largest selling car. I wrode in just a few T/G, then the public went on to BMW
James Hamel
31 Oct 14 10:52:21
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Kevin B. Bantz
31 Oct 14 10:41:20
$F target $47 $AA I expect it to MERGE $FCX $PD Phelps-Dodge Chevy LUV BRAT F-150 Camino Ranchero http://t.co/Vro0Cg6Qmg
Said Deep
31 Oct 14 10:32:21
RT @MRamseyWSJ: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/5nY7FsinLr @mrlevine
Erich Merkle
31 Oct 14 10:25:36
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Lauren Holmes
31 Oct 14 10:24:42
$GM $F do you follow what top hedge funds are doing? We certainly do. Check here http://t.co/IhJaUAjPfb
Becky Chesshir
31 Oct 14 10:14:02
RT @MRamseyWSJ: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/5nY7FsinLr @mrlevine
Becky Chesshir
31 Oct 14 10:13:39
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Angie Kozleski
31 Oct 14 10:08:36
RT @MRamseyWSJ: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/5nY7FsinLr @mrlevine
Eli Pritsker
31 Oct 14 10:02:13
RT @InvestorWisdom: $MXWL setup for another surge $TSLA $KNDI $F $GM $BA $X $LMT $FLEX $SYN $NUE $TLM $LOCK $NRG $YOD $HIMX $ONVO $SSYS $FT…
Casey Stengel
31 Oct 14 09:54:14
Commented on: "Ford Slips On Friday, We Stay Bullish" http://t.co/Khxh5OkeXb $F
Agri-Cover, Inc.
31 Oct 14 09:50:36
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Dan Barbossa
31 Oct 14 09:49:19
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Pete Kidd
31 Oct 14 09:49:18
RT @mrlevine: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t…
Stock Relay
31 Oct 14 09:47:06
$ILMN Stock Forum Click Here: http://t.co/RSZyFNmaTO Also See: $GOOG $SMN $FCEL $F ~
Mike Levine
31 Oct 14 09:46:23
.@Ford says data indicate initial interest in #2015F150 is strong $F http://t.co/qcbJDEBQBw via @WSJ and @MRamseyWSJ http://t.co/LrxVrKVTCq
bill clancy
31 Oct 14 09:46:23
@Muncho_Man_NWO @ambitrader @fazoinnorcal I got in in '09 when sky was falling. $F @ $1, played the volatility on $FNMA a 100 times.
Karl Henkel
31 Oct 14 09:45:42
Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/Fd1P84OToO (via @WSJ)
Stock Relay
31 Oct 14 09:45:16
$ILMN Day Low Click Here: http://t.co/Vt1s4xMlwS Also See: $HAL $SMN $F $ANV ~
Mike Levine
31 Oct 14 09:43:35
RT @MRamseyWSJ: .@Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/5nY7FsinLr @mrlevine
Mike Ramsey
31 Oct 14 09:40:43
.@Ford says data indicate initial interest in 2015 F-150 is strong $F http://t.co/5nY7FsinLr @mrlevine
Kevin B. Bantz
31 Oct 14 09:33:38
$F classic accumulation; don't forget $AA with this replacement cycle. http://t.co/9HTxIXq1gr
Greg Vautrinot
31 Oct 14 09:31:26
If Europe's economy gets going $F could go to $20.
				
				
By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM
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