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Too Big to Fail: The Current Status of Major Government Bailouts

By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM
Tickers Mentioned:

The financial crisis of 2008 and 2009 sent the American economy into complete free fall. Mortgage providers, investment banks, automakers, and other businesses nationwide were on the cusp of total collapse, and fears of a second Great Depression mounted on a daily basis.

However, the government stepped in with a number of enormous, unprecedented, and controversial bailout packages to help rescue the economy. Here’s the current status of each one.

American International Group (AIG)

Bailout: $85 billion at 14.5 percent interest

Recovered: $107.7 billion

Net Result: $22.7 billion profit

Background: AIG received its first bailout funds in September of 2008 after the insurance giant became crippled by mortgage-related securities, particularly credit default swaps (CDS). The insurance giant had sold a huge portion of CDS, which generated huge losses for AIG when the housing market went bust.

In August 2009, the company hired a new CEO in Robert Benmosche, who has since gotten the company back on its feet. AIG began repaying its bailout funds in 2010, restructured its bailout in 2011, and became fully independent of government ownership in December 2012.

TARP Bank Bailouts

Bailout: $245.1 billion

Recovered: $271 billion

Net result: $25.9 billion profit

As part of the government’s Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), the government dispersed almost $250 billion to a plethora of major American banks, according to the Treasury website. Some major banks, such as Bank of America (BAC) and Citigroup (C), desperately need the money to stay solvent. Other banks like JPMorgan Chase (JPM) took bailout funds by force to strengthen the credit market.

While the Treasury claims a $25 billion profit on the bank bailouts, this figure is widely disputed. Some banks still haven’t paid back TARP funds, and because the financial landscape was an absolute mess during the Great Recession, the specifics of TARP funds remain convoluted.


  • Ford (F)

Bailout: $5.9 billion loan

Recovered: $400 million

Expected Result: Loan paid back by 2022

Background: Ford CEO Alan Mulally famously avoided government bailout money by selling off struggling brands like Mercury, Volvo, and Land Rover. The company also upgraded its existing models with nicer interiors, sharper design, more horsepower, and better fuel economy, which has allowed Ford to emerge as one of the world’s best-selling automakers.

Ford, however, was forced to take a $5.9 billion in June 2009 to upgrade its factories and develop its hybrid and electric models, part of the same loan package given to Tesla Motors (TSLA). While the loan was not classified as a bailout, its timing was designed to ensure Ford remained on strong footing in case the economy took a turn for the worse.

  • General Motors (GM)

Bailout: $49.5 billion

Recovered: $32.5 billion

Expected Result: $10 billion loss

Background: On the verge of total collapse, General Motors received an infamous $49.5 billion bailout in early 2009. The company then filed for Chapter 11 and underwent enormous restructuring. When the company finally got back in its feet in 2010, GM returned to public markets and raised $20.1 billion in its IPO, the largest in history.

Although GM is back in business and fully profitable, the company’s success story is overshadowed by the fact that the government has a loss on the bailout. According to the LA Times, the government still owns around 189 million share of GM that it intends to sell, and based on the current share price, the government will recover $10 billion less than it paid.

Bailout: $12.5 billion

Recovered: $11.2 billion

Net Result: $1.3 billion loss

Background: Chrysler, like GM, was on the verge of bankruptcy and even threatened to permanently shut down production without government intervention. The Bush administration responded with a $12.5 billion bailout package, allowing the company to stay in business, become more efficient, and develop its line of vehicles. According to CNN, the government sold the last of its Chrysler stake in 2011 to the tune of a $1.3 billion loss.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

Bailout: Government makes $200 billion investment, takes charge of $5 trillion in loans

Recovered: Unknown

Net Result: Outcome Pending

Background: The September 2008 takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, America’s largest mortgage providers, was one of the boldest government-sponsored financial decisions in history. With Fannie and Freddie were losing billions of dollars per month and the U.S. credit market on the verge of total destruction, the government decided to take over the two government sponsored enterprises (GSE) in hopes of keeping the U.S. credit market at least somewhat in tact. 

A recent report from Equities.com claims that Fannie and Freddie have become wildly profitable in recent years, earning $17 billion and $11 billion in 2012 profit, respectively. While the two enterprises are profitable and have dispersed over $81 billion in dividends to the government, the net result of the investment is unknown.

DISCLOSURE: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors, and do not represent the views of equities.com. Readers should not consider statements made by the author as formal recommendations and should consult their financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

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Results for F
BV Consumer Goods
23 Sep 14 21:05:05
$F: 10 Awesome Driver-Assist Features That Help 2015 Ford F-150 Customers Drive Smarter.. http://t.co/jdhWJQlQdw
23 Sep 14 17:59:25
http://t.co/hjgLwIcNgz Stock_Tracker: $F Company News Ford cuts production at Cologne: Sto http://t.co/pZT32k11uw http://t.co/hjgLwIcNgz
23 Sep 14 17:59:22
http://t.co/QkCFZ8H3V8 Stock_Tracker: $F Company News Ford cuts production at Cologne: Sto http://t.co/1S1TMR4EuN http://t.co/QkCFZ8H3V8
Ben Woodward, CFA
23 Sep 14 17:27:56
$F $GM Auto stocks the market rally left behind may be telling us something http://t.co/nqDV9S4xcc http://t.co/DQ3PBaZVSj
Fred Twick
23 Sep 14 16:49:38
Interesting. "@BigJ: In my industry (automotive) we're having a horrible sales month. Pessimistic & hoping for decent month-end." $F $GM
23 Sep 14 16:41:01
How Ford Motor Company Is Growing in Europe (F) . $F. http://t.co/9qKbnUPhTr
23 Sep 14 16:33:25
$NEWL Up 166.7% So Far Today, After Our Penny Stock Blog Alert! Huge News: http://t.co/GCqzlVLYIK $F $SIRI $FB
23 Sep 14 14:57:04
@JDR1024 @allstarcharts like to see some charts on $F
23 Sep 14 13:27:24
@MelissaLeeCNBC What's up with $F? Is it time to put the pedal to the metal? Recent JPM report indicates 32% upside yet stock is lagging.
23 Sep 14 13:14:00
mercy $f http://t.co/Tj0ajMgdRJ
23 Sep 14 13:10:22
@CNBCFastMoney Is $F about to accelerate to the upside? Recent call buying looks bullish and investor conference is next week.
محمد العجمي
23 Sep 14 13:09:19
RT @TraderHMS: 344: What kind you stocks do you prefer to trade? $FB $GILD $NFLX $XLF $BAC $F $TSLA $DE $S $AA $AAPL http://t.co/XiUmy4dwk4
23 Sep 14 13:06:34
Time and Sales for $FB, $RIG, $F, $PFE http://t.co/84CopMd2jb
$F Rob
23 Sep 14 13:00:34
If It Ain't About The Money!!! $F
23 Sep 14 12:52:26
$F holding at 16.55
23 Sep 14 12:41:06
$NEWL Up 166.7% So Far Today, After Our Penny Stock Blog Alert! Huge News: http://t.co/GCqzlVLYIK $F $SIRI $FB
23 Sep 14 12:36:31
@allstarcharts Like $F here? yielding over 3% and has underperformed spy this year. Think this reverses soon? JPM says 32% upside.
Future Tech Investor
23 Sep 14 12:30:04
$AAPL super bullish. New HOD $TSLA $MSFT $F $GM $X $Z $S $T $A $AA $BAC $JPM $WFC $MU $FB $YHOO $BABA $DD $C $TWTR $BA $GS $AMZN $HPQ $LNG
23 Sep 14 12:29:35
@KeithMcCullough Bought more $LULU, $EBAY, and $ETN. Liking $F here for over 3% yield.
Future Tech Investor
23 Sep 14 12:10:49
$AAPL Bullish engulfing candle $TSLA $MSFT $F $GM $X $Z $S $T $A $AA $BAC $JPM $WFC $MU $FB $YHOO $BABA $DD $C $TWTR $BA $GS $AMZN $HPQ $LNG
BV Consumer Goods
23 Sep 14 12:00:05
$F: Only People Not Thrilled About Riding in All-New Ford Transit? Prisoners.. http://t.co/Mat57C1dMW
Andrea Morbidelli
23 Sep 14 11:38:04
$F - Juventus F.C.: perdita netta 2013/14 cala a 6,9 mln (-15,9 mln in 2012/13) http://t.co/1JmwrrR6hl
23 Sep 14 11:37:00
@jimcramer adding to $F - yielding over 3% now. Has lagged spy all year. Hope this trend reverses soon.
BNK Invest
23 Sep 14 11:21:44
Relative Strength Alert For Ford Motor $F $CARZ #dividends http://t.co/PGefonokuo
John Dylan
23 Sep 14 11:12:46
@SherwoodStrauss Dubs FO- Lacob, Myers Welts... had front row seat for the sterling scandal. They saw where the future was heading, $F 2018
Steve Cortes
23 Sep 14 11:11:44
Plunge in CarMax today. Is the Consumer in trouble? 3 month lows on Ford too. $KMX $F
23 Sep 14 10:56:27
GM: Cadillac Headquarters Moving To New York City http://t.co/RcvFD4UpJS $GM $F
Barry Coggins
23 Sep 14 10:32:49
Added $F to the position today... buy solid companies on the way down.
23 Sep 14 09:58:42
" Sar Me Drna Zar Sha Kho Da de Khabare Khyal Kawa." " Zra me Dase Wran Na krre Che Sta Da Usedo Na wi." $F$ ...
23 Sep 14 09:57:03
$CMCM Sell? Click here to find out if $CMCM is a buy hold or sell. Watching these stocks. $VXX $SLTD $F $MUX h http://t.co/PVAWOt9MZd
23 Sep 14 09:55:18
@terranovajoe @timseymour Is $F about to accelerate? Recent upside call buying and investor conference next week? 3% yield & has lagged spy
Extreme Stocks
23 Sep 14 09:41:49
Stock_Tracker: $F Company News Ford cuts production at Cologne http://t.co/X9wW8UVq3X
Investors Hangout
23 Sep 14 09:37:47
danrocks: $CF Making Some Noise $SBUX $TVIX $SLXP $HD $F http://t.co/oRz6vgbI15
Investors Hangout
23 Sep 14 09:37:47
danrocks: $CF Making Some Noise $SBUX $TVIX $SLXP $HD $F http://t.co/ZWPtYb556r
23 Sep 14 09:36:29
$F Company News Ford cuts production at Cologne plant, demand dips 9:22 a.m. Sept. 19, 2014 - http://t.co/mwFZHfve5t http://t.co/6jOw4pXKgh
23 Sep 14 09:34:45
$CF Making Some Noise $SBUX $TVIX $SLXP $HD $F http://t.co/u4x6BvDDkd
23 Sep 14 08:47:39
Major New SECRET Penny Stock Pick Coming Today! Check it out: http://t.co/xbwXVw0Wum $XLF $F $FN $MSFT
Scott Lynch
23 Sep 14 08:27:47
RT @etiviti: Apparently, the Author is unaware of a new '15 model > Why Is Ford Discounting F-Series Pickups? $F http://t.co/NroNKLM2B5 via…
23 Sep 14 08:23:35
RT @etiviti: Apparently, the Author is unaware of a new '15 model > Why Is Ford Discounting F-Series Pickups? $F http://t.co/NroNKLM2B5 via…
23 Sep 14 08:13:54
Apparently, the Author is unaware of a new '15 model > Why Is Ford Discounting F-Series Pickups? $F http://t.co/NroNKLM2B5 via @247WallSt
Investors Hangout
23 Sep 14 08:06:47
danrocks: $F On Watch $RGLD $KMX $TQQQ $MMM $FSLR http://t.co/4nACC3UE78
Investors Hangout
23 Sep 14 08:06:41
danrocks: $F On Watch $RGLD $KMX $TQQQ $MMM $FSLR http://t.co/0bKL2Lz93g
23 Sep 14 07:58:06
$F On Watch $RGLD $KMX $TQQQ $MMM $FSLR http://t.co/aDohQJYIpL
23 Sep 14 07:29:08
BLOCK TRADE: $F 2,871,913 shares @ $16.30 [10:29:07]
23 Sep 14 07:24:50
@petenajarian JPM said to buy $F and $GM. Said $F undervalued by 32%.
23 Sep 14 07:08:24
@GuyAdami Adding to $F, $BAC, $EBAY, $LULU, $ETN.
23 Sep 14 07:04:52
@ReformedBroker buying more $F and $BAC.
23 Sep 14 07:04:34
@murphyrosecliff Buying more $F.
Quantpost Cnsmr Good
23 Sep 14 06:49:22
$F News Alert: http://t.co/0Io0TFsEGE Updated options view: https://t.co/OWjEtEExPT All options views: https://t.co/dUHzbxOXOr
Seeking Alpha
23 Sep 14 06:49:20
Alcoa: A Volatile Company With Mixed Expectations. http://t.co/gj5TASIDF0 $BA $F $AA
By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM



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