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Too Big to Fail: The Current Status of Major Government Bailouts

By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM
Tickers Mentioned:

The financial crisis of 2008 and 2009 sent the American economy into complete free fall. Mortgage providers, investment banks, automakers, and other businesses nationwide were on the cusp of total collapse, and fears of a second Great Depression mounted on a daily basis.

However, the government stepped in with a number of enormous, unprecedented, and controversial bailout packages to help rescue the economy. Here’s the current status of each one.

American International Group (AIG)

Bailout: $85 billion at 14.5 percent interest

Recovered: $107.7 billion

Net Result: $22.7 billion profit

Background: AIG received its first bailout funds in September of 2008 after the insurance giant became crippled by mortgage-related securities, particularly credit default swaps (CDS). The insurance giant had sold a huge portion of CDS, which generated huge losses for AIG when the housing market went bust.

In August 2009, the company hired a new CEO in Robert Benmosche, who has since gotten the company back on its feet. AIG began repaying its bailout funds in 2010, restructured its bailout in 2011, and became fully independent of government ownership in December 2012.

TARP Bank Bailouts

Bailout: $245.1 billion

Recovered: $271 billion

Net result: $25.9 billion profit

As part of the government’s Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP), the government dispersed almost $250 billion to a plethora of major American banks, according to the Treasury website. Some major banks, such as Bank of America (BAC) and Citigroup (C), desperately need the money to stay solvent. Other banks like JPMorgan Chase (JPM) took bailout funds by force to strengthen the credit market.

While the Treasury claims a $25 billion profit on the bank bailouts, this figure is widely disputed. Some banks still haven’t paid back TARP funds, and because the financial landscape was an absolute mess during the Great Recession, the specifics of TARP funds remain convoluted.


  • Ford (F)

Bailout: $5.9 billion loan

Recovered: $400 million

Expected Result: Loan paid back by 2022

Background: Ford CEO Alan Mulally famously avoided government bailout money by selling off struggling brands like Mercury, Volvo, and Land Rover. The company also upgraded its existing models with nicer interiors, sharper design, more horsepower, and better fuel economy, which has allowed Ford to emerge as one of the world’s best-selling automakers.

Ford, however, was forced to take a $5.9 billion in June 2009 to upgrade its factories and develop its hybrid and electric models, part of the same loan package given to Tesla Motors (TSLA). While the loan was not classified as a bailout, its timing was designed to ensure Ford remained on strong footing in case the economy took a turn for the worse.

  • General Motors (GM)

Bailout: $49.5 billion

Recovered: $32.5 billion

Expected Result: $10 billion loss

Background: On the verge of total collapse, General Motors received an infamous $49.5 billion bailout in early 2009. The company then filed for Chapter 11 and underwent enormous restructuring. When the company finally got back in its feet in 2010, GM returned to public markets and raised $20.1 billion in its IPO, the largest in history.

Although GM is back in business and fully profitable, the company’s success story is overshadowed by the fact that the government has a loss on the bailout. According to the LA Times, the government still owns around 189 million share of GM that it intends to sell, and based on the current share price, the government will recover $10 billion less than it paid.

Bailout: $12.5 billion

Recovered: $11.2 billion

Net Result: $1.3 billion loss

Background: Chrysler, like GM, was on the verge of bankruptcy and even threatened to permanently shut down production without government intervention. The Bush administration responded with a $12.5 billion bailout package, allowing the company to stay in business, become more efficient, and develop its line of vehicles. According to CNN, the government sold the last of its Chrysler stake in 2011 to the tune of a $1.3 billion loss.

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

Bailout: Government makes $200 billion investment, takes charge of $5 trillion in loans

Recovered: Unknown

Net Result: Outcome Pending

Background: The September 2008 takeover of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, America’s largest mortgage providers, was one of the boldest government-sponsored financial decisions in history. With Fannie and Freddie were losing billions of dollars per month and the U.S. credit market on the verge of total destruction, the government decided to take over the two government sponsored enterprises (GSE) in hopes of keeping the U.S. credit market at least somewhat in tact. 

A recent report from Equities.com claims that Fannie and Freddie have become wildly profitable in recent years, earning $17 billion and $11 billion in 2012 profit, respectively. While the two enterprises are profitable and have dispersed over $81 billion in dividends to the government, the net result of the investment is unknown.

DISCLOSURE: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors, and do not represent the views of equities.com. Readers should not consider statements made by the author as formal recommendations and should consult their financial advisor before making any investment decisions.

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Results for F
Bidness Etc
23 Oct 14 14:16:31
#Ford Revenue Could Come Out Strong; Earnings Could Miss http://t.co/3qipOzQICz $F
23 Oct 14 14:00:43
#Earnings expected Friday: $PG $UPS $BMY $CL $F- 5 largest U.S. companies by market cap. 5 things to know: http://t.co/UNTLZlspdM
arXiv ML/Stats
23 Oct 14 14:00:16
Tail approximations for the Student $t$-, $F$-, and Welch statistics for non-normal and not necessar... http://t.co/ixtivMWQVl #arxiv
23 Oct 14 14:00:15
RT @StockTwits: "@Ford: Tomorrow @Ford will report Q3 #FordEarnings at 7AM ET. Ask questions on @StockTwits using $F & CFO Shanks will addr…
John Michael
23 Oct 14 13:58:57
RT @StockTwits: "@Ford: Tomorrow @Ford will report Q3 #FordEarnings at 7AM ET. Ask questions on @StockTwits using $F & CFO Shanks will addr…
Patricia Price
23 Oct 14 13:58:20
.@FuelEfficiency These 5 Cars Have The Lowest Fuel Economy $F $VLKAY http://t.co/JKgncJskxw via @benzinga #GreenCars #fuelefficiency
23 Oct 14 13:53:00
"@Ford: Tomorrow @Ford will report Q3 #FordEarnings at 7AM ET. Ask questions on @StockTwits using $F & CFO Shanks will address @ 4PM."
Ben Silverberg
23 Oct 14 13:48:15
New home sales are only economic report released Friday AM; earnings lineup with est EPS includes $F 0.19 $BMY 0.42 $UPS 1.28 and $CL 0.75
23 Oct 14 13:25:30
Our Penny Stock Alerts Gained 371% In 2 weeks! Sign Up For Free Text Alerts For Our New Pick: http://t.co/dLDRavoCi4 $XLF $F $FN $MSFT
esther garvin
23 Oct 14 13:19:53
RT @ATTBolsa: USA, algunos resultados mañana (PRE): $COG Cabot Oil & Gas $CL Colgate-Pal $F Ford $MCO Moody's $PG Procter & Gamble $UPS Uni…
23 Oct 14 13:14:35
$DECK retraced whole #afterhours gap & down now .. $F moved but not much volume .. didn’t like to see $P bounce back though back $23+
23 Oct 14 13:10:28
RT @stockguy22: #AFTERHOURS so far a few movers are : UP $F $MSFT $DECK ... down $P $GPRO $AMZN
23 Oct 14 13:10:21
#AFTERHOURS so far a few movers are : UP $F $MSFT $DECK ... down $P $GPRO $AMZN
23 Oct 14 13:02:29
RT @ATTBolsa: USA, algunos resultados mañana (PRE): $COG Cabot Oil & Gas $CL Colgate-Pal $F Ford $MCO Moody's $PG Procter & Gamble $UPS Uni…
Tracey Ryniec
23 Oct 14 13:00:57
Ford in the morning. Shares have sunk but it has beat 3 out of 4 qtrs. $F http://t.co/Zxj50Sw8eK
23 Oct 14 12:51:11
#Earnings conference calls, #webcast links http://t.co/p3cWbCwfMN $AMZN $MSFT $ELY $N $P $VRSN $F $NDAQ $PG
23 Oct 14 12:47:55
Only Take That
23 Oct 14 12:42:12
RT @GBArmyTTArmy: #NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWor…
Only Take That
23 Oct 14 12:40:23
RT @GBArmyTTArmy: #NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWor…
23 Oct 14 12:39:51
Our Penny Stock Alerts Gained 371% In 2 weeks! Sign Up For Free Text Alerts For Our New Pick: http://t.co/dLDRavoCi4 $F $SIRI $FB
The Fly
23 Oct 14 12:39:17
The one mic show
23 Oct 14 12:37:07
An Aging U.S. Vehicle Population And Buybacks Make AutoZone A Solid Investment $AZO $AAP $F $GM http://t.co/0lUOoVyWKZ
Vote Take That
23 Oct 14 12:35:13
#NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld $F
Vote Take That
23 Oct 14 12:30:58
#NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld $f
23 Oct 14 12:23:16
Atentos mañana a los reportes antes de la apertura $F. Y después del cierre: $AMZN, $MSFT.
23 Oct 14 12:19:27
RT @TTVotes: #NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #R…
sue wall
23 Oct 14 12:16:37
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23 Oct 14 12:14:20
unplanned trips to 💪$f🌞
Only Take That
23 Oct 14 12:06:32
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23 Oct 14 12:03:57
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Only Take That
23 Oct 14 12:03:54
RT @Betty_Jnr: #NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld …
Mitchell Warren
23 Oct 14 11:54:07
Earnings before the bell tomorrow morning: $AVY $B $BMY $CL $FLIR $F $LEA $NDAQ $PG $SHPG $STT $ERIC $UPS $VTR
23 Oct 14 11:53:40
23 Oct 14 11:53:30
RT @TradingTheDate: $AMZN, $F, $MSFT, $ZNGA reporting today. See last 4 qrtrs of price movement history on the earnings announcement. http:…
23 Oct 14 11:52:18
RT @Estimize: $F reports before the open tomorrow, Estimize Consensus +0.07 EPS and +476.19M Revs compared to WS http://t.co/UZAIEkK0E8
23 Oct 14 11:50:38
EPS 10/24 pre-market: $F, $PG, $COG, $BMY, $LYB, $CL, $FNFG, $UPS, $DLPH, $VTR, $STT, $EDU, $IMGN http://t.co/3KRRAVNbfW
Alysia Sarkisian
23 Oct 14 11:41:39
RT @StockTwits: Social Transparency Leaders Ford Motor Company to host another Investor Q&A on StockTwits this week! http://t.co/JC09rS9jbr…
23 Oct 14 11:35:07
Social Transparency Leaders Ford Motor Company to host another Investor Q&A on StockTwits this week! http://t.co/JC09rS9jbr $F @ford
Ruth #GBArmy
23 Oct 14 11:33:30
#NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld $f
Brendan Hassen
23 Oct 14 11:32:30
I'd be in $F deeper if the auto industry wasn't so powerfully cyclical.
TT Rule The World
23 Oct 14 11:25:52
#NOWMillion #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld #RuleTheWorld $f
Jorge Porcar
23 Oct 14 11:23:04
RT @ATTBolsa: USA, algunos resultados mañana (PRE): $COG Cabot Oil & Gas $CL Colgate-Pal $F Ford $MCO Moody's $PG Procter & Gamble $UPS Uni…
Investors Hangout
23 Oct 14 11:22:49
danrocks: $LUV Alert $IBIO $FNV $F $CAT $TSLA http://t.co/fVG65X63Rh
Investors Hangout
23 Oct 14 11:22:10
danrocks: $LUV Alert $IBIO $FNV $F $CAT $TSLA http://t.co/St21BwVaJZ
Rahul Sharma
23 Oct 14 11:21:40
@DougKass Yes you did. $30bn of that debt is for finco. Just like the folks who keep going on about how $F supposedly has $100bn+ of debt
23 Oct 14 11:19:15
USA, algunos resultados mañana (PRE): $COG Cabot Oil & Gas $CL Colgate-Pal $F Ford $MCO Moody's $PG Procter & Gamble $UPS United Parcel Serv
IH News Desk
23 Oct 14 11:16:25
$F 52Wk High Click Here: http://t.co/iOEhI3DKmX Also See: $NKO.TO $EWRS $ALL $IMLE ~
23 Oct 14 11:11:34
Since #alert to buy Spectra7 on 10/16, it has moved from $0.59 to $0.79. Target $1+ $T $VZ $F http://t.co/UGK1Sij9xy http://t.co/T42VcwGTev
The Fly
23 Oct 14 11:11:31
Street research has been mixed on @Ford leading up to tomorrow's earnings call. Get educated here: http://t.co/g9Fx5iElGi $F #earnings
23 Oct 14 11:11:13
We are looking at slightly longer term bounce options today, and are currently long Jan 2015 calls in $BP, $DE, and $F
By  +Follow July 3, 2013 11:04AM



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